The handling of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment is actually governed by the European Directive 2012/19/EU.

This Directive has overtaken the previous one, that introduced the recycling of WEEE first: 2002/96/EC and 2003/108/EC that sets out instructions for the proper handling of WEEE.

The purpose of the above European legislation is to provide the Member States with indications on giving effect to WEEE handling with the following primary aims:
• preventing the production of waste electrical and electronic equipment
• promoting the reuse, the recycling, and the recovery of WEEE
• improving, from an environmental standpoint, the action taken by the parties involved in the life cycles of this equipment
• reduce the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.

The European directives were incorporated into Italian law by Legislative Decree no. 151 of 25th November 2005 (amended by Legislative Decree no. 49/2014, actually in effect), which defines the functioning of the WEEE handling system in Italy.
To make the system fully operational, the other following implementation decrees have been issued:
- Ministerial Decree of 25th September 2007  (setting up the Supervisory and Control Committee)
Ministerial Decree 185/2007 (setting up the National Register of Producers, the WEEE Co-ordination Centre, and the Policy Committee)
Ministerial Decree 65/2010 (regulation introducing measures to simplify "1 for 1" collection)